OK I stole this headline. Excellent article from the Telegraph on the Iberian Lynx and efforts to save it.
In 1996, when the first alarms were raised by international big-cat scientists, the Iberian lynx was down to a few hundred animals, living in 50 small, isolated, declining populations. The World Conservation Union declared it in critical danger of extinction and noted that the last feline species to become extinct was the sabre-toothed tiger 10,000 years ago. The EU and the Spanish and Portuguese governments granted it their maximum levels of official protection and instructed regional authorities to prepare recovery plans. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and other conservation groups started funding scientific studies, habitat improvement schemes, captive breeding programmes and public awareness campaigns.